Lung catheterization

Lung catheterization is a procedure used to assess the condition of pulmonary arteries and other blood vessels in the lungs. During the X-ray test, a special dye and a camera are used to capture images of showing the flow of blood into the lungs.

Essence of lung catheterization

The chief goal of lung catheterization is to diagnose conditions such as pulmonary embolism and blockages of blood vessels. In case blood flow into lungs is slow, the test identifies such a problem. Besides, the procedure can help the physician in detecting other lung disorders. These might include narrowing of blood vessels, lung problems and malformations, artery aneurysms and pulmonary hypertension. Narrow blood vessels are sometimes the cause of heart murmur in kids.

Preparation for the test

Neither drinking nor eating is allowed 8 hours prior to the test, a requirement similar to heart cath. A patient sins a consent form and wears a gown. Removal of jewelry from the area being imaged is necessary. The patient lies on an X-ray table. A mild sedative is administered relax them. The arm or groin region is cleaned using anesthesia Some of the personal health issues that the doctor should be informed in advance before the test include:-

  1. Pregnancy
  2. Allergies to certain medications, iodine and other related substances
  3. Current medical prescriptions
  4. Previous bleeding conditions
  5. History of kidney problems
  6. Asthmatic cases

Performing the test

A catheter is inserted in the brachial vein (above the elbow) or the femoral vein (groin region). As the catheter is driven into the lungs, some sort of pressure is felt. A contrast material is then injected into the vein to increase visibility of the area being studied on X-ray images. The dye elicits a flushing and warm feeling that lasts for seconds. The pictures obtained can be stored in a computer or turned into X-ray films.

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Retirement Account

What does God think of rich people? I know what a lot of people say about rich people. Youve probably heard phrases like, “Filthy rich”, “Stinking rich”, “Lousy rich people”, etc.

It seems that there is an underlying belief that to be rich is wrong and yet most people wouldnt mind at all if their bank account balance had an extra zero or two or three at the end of it!

There are a lot of people who assume that those who are rich got their wealth dishonestly, or, never had to work for it. Some see the rich as snobs who look down on the rest of the world. How rare it is to find someone who is actually glad that someone else has tremendous wealth. Most think that rich people dont deserve to be rich and that it is wrong to be rich. Its just not fair for them to have all that money. There are some religious people who actually think that being rich is not right in the sight of God.

But what does the Bible say? It does not say that money is the root of all evil; it says that the love of money is the root of all evil. You can have a dollar and love it, and you can have a million dollars and not love a dime of it.

There are a number of great people mentioned in the Bible who were rich, very rich. Job was the greatest man in the East. He lost everything and God restored double back to him! God did that for Job gave him double!

Abraham in the Bible is called the friend of God and the father of all them that believe and he was very rich in cattle, silver and gold. How about David? Solomon? The list goes on and on.

When Jesus died, it was Joseph of Arimathea, a rich man, who took care of the burial. He had the means to do what he did.

Now I know that there are some who would argue that those mentioned above were special people with special reasons as to why they had riches and that they were just the exception. But if that is true why is there promise after promise of prosperity in the Bible? And please dont fall for that fatalistic idea that some are just meant to prosper and others are not. Again, if that were true why are there so many promises of prosperity all over the Bible? There is nothing in the Scriptures to even remotely suggest that God would have some to be rich, some to be poor, and the rest to be in the middle.

Not too long ago, “The Prayer of Jabez” was very popular. All the items that were associated with it were basically from I Chronicles 4:10. If you read that verse youll find that Jabez simply asked God to bless him, to enlarge his coast, to be with him, and, keep him from evil. And God granted him what he requested. God didnt say what most people would have said, “Oh Jabez, you are getting greedy, just be satisfied with what you have.” No. God gave him what he requested!

Now I know that there are a lot of Scriptures related to this topic to consider, and that a few might at first glance appear to be in opposition to prosperity and wealth. But those few cannot be magnified above the numerous obvious verses that show Gods desire for His people to be successful and prosper. There is a verse that plainly states that God wishes above all things that we prosper and be in health!

Prosperity and wealth can be obtained honestly or dishonesty ethically or unethically. But far too many are so quick to judge when they see someone with prosperity and wealth. It is really sad because there are a lot of wonderful successful Christians who are being unfairly judged and condemned because of the blessings they have received from God. They work hard, apply principles, expect Gods blessings, and receive abundantly. Prosperity is a blessing from God available to all.

So what does God think of rich people? Is God displeased with the wealthy? Does He want everyone to be poor? God desires above all things for all His children, to prosper and to be in health.

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Savings For Retirement Calculator

A mortgage that is properly suited to an individuals needs when buying a home can save the individual thousands while a mortgage that has not been properly tailored to their needs can place the house and the individuals financial future in jeopardy. And because there are so many types of mortgages and mortgage products available, its essential to have a basic understanding of mortgages before choosing which one is the right one.

First one needs to understand the different options available to them. For people who have good credit, a fixed rate mortgage is usually the best option. These types of mortgages offer the same interest rate for the entire life of the loan so the monthly payments will always be the same. One may also choose an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) after a one, five, or ten year term. These mortgages have a fixed rate for a certain period and they then move to a variable rate after the one, five, or ten years. This means that the monthly payments could be more or less, depending on what the interest rate currently is. Rates dont generally have dramatic increases or reductions so there are usually no large surprises. However, over the course of a thirty-year loan, the interest rate could be considerably more or less by the end of the mortgage.

Individuals who have no or bad credit will have a higher interest rate on their mortgage. They may also have to look into the sub-prime lending market where the loans will have much higher interest rates and many different structures. When looking at the different loan options available, its important to make sure there is no prepayment penalty, which have a fee associated with paying off more of the mortgage in advance. These loans should be avoided as the goal is to pay off the debt.

A mortgage consists of two major components: the down payment and the interest rate. For people who are very active in investing in different things such as the stock market, and real estate, its best to pay as little down payment as possible. If the individual has a good credit rating, its best to try to get a 100% mortgage. The interest on these mortgages is generally higher but the cost of borrowing will be less than the returns the individuals will receive on their investment.

For individuals that are not active investors, the mortgage can be a great investment tool. Paying off a mortgage with a 6.5% to 7.5% interest rate makes more sense than savings accounts that offer a 2.5% interest rate.

Everything in the mortgage process is negotiable. The goal is to lower the down payment and the interest rate. The higher the down payment is, the lower the interest rate will be and the sooner one will be able to pay off the mortgage. Using a mortgage broker can help one find the best mortgage for the specific situation.

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Calculator Savings

In a couple of years the internet has revolutionized the manner the most of us do our banking. The majority of banks and building societies offer their internet services 24 hours per day, meaning that even those leading the most unconventional of lifestyles can access banking at their convenience. Wherever you live in the UK, loans, current accounts, and mortgages can all be bought and administered online that makes life so much easier for any person.

Ever since the advent of the internet, businesses have been looking for ways to use it in innovative, safe and secure ways eager that it will offer more opportunities to drive business and increase profits. That includes banks which have often been at the forefront of internet technology in the search for a cheaper and much more efficient way of undertaking business with their customers. Even though they are unlikely to risk outrage by completely eliminating their branch networks, many high street banks would prefer the majority of clientele to transact their business online. That is because it is by far the most profitable channel for the financial institutions.

And surely from a customers point of view there are many good reasons to do your banking online. Its enormously convenient plus you dont have to go cap in hand to the local bank manager if you want to arrange any form of borrowing, and risk the embarrassment of being turned down. Now all that is required is a click of the mouse, whether its to submit an application for a short-term extension to an overdraft, or to apply for one of the many longer-term personal loans, all are available on the internet plus it is a great way to open online savings accounts and have access to your account any time of the day.

Indeed, the internet is quickly becoming the number one place for applying for personal loans, and more people are frequently doing their banking online with payments association APACS reporting a 174% rise in numbers over the past year. Their figures show the greatest rise in usage coming from the over-55s with a 350% rise over last year. That ties in to a drop in reported online fraud as users become savvy to the most obvious phishing scams, and banks improve their education of users and tighten their own online security.

Online comparison sites have also become extremely popular with the internet community. They have made momentous in-roads into the financial markets and potential customers can go there to compare loans, credit cards or even mortgages all on one website, without the need to do any of the hard work themselves. With everything required to cover all banking needs online, it is easy to see why it has become so popular and will grow even bigger within the next couple of years.

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What To Save For Retirement

One of the common reasons for business failures in todays business environment is lack of cash flow. The small businessperson must learn how to properly manage his or her business cash flow. For one, cash flow management allows you to balance your income and expenditures, and work towards having cash reserves to help you meet emergencies or unanticipated cash requirements. The other benefit from good cash flow management is that it helps your maintain a surplus cash fund for your necessary capital investments for the future.

It may seem contradictory, but the use of business credit cards to pay everyday purchases of your business may actually help conserve cash or regulate cash outflows. This is an underlying benefit banks and other financial institutions may have in mind when they offer business credit cards and other services that help manage business cash flow.

There are banks that will customize business credit cards to fit the pattern of your cash flows. This has been done widely for corporate business credit cards, and now business credit card issuers believe the same process can be followed for small businesses of appropriate size that need business credit cards. For instance, by issuing business credit cards to key employees, you stand to gain more effective control of your cash expenses. The business credit card issuer can help set up this arrangement, and also assign a billing cycle that fits in with the cycles of your cash flow.

You can eliminate missed payments and save on finance charges arising from late or missed payments if you arrange for a scheduled time to automatically make payment through your business credit card. This means you wont need to write a check and fret about mailing it on time to your suppliers.

In fact, by paying for the purchases you make with your business credit card, you stand to get discounts for prompt payment from the vendor and other benefits from the business credit card issuer too. By paying bills and purchases with business credit cards, you enhance your ability to manage cash and to extend your cash reserve until the due date comes to pay your business credit card balance.

When you or your employees travel within or outside of the country, you can pay your travel expenses through the business credit cards to accumulate rewards and bonus points. Your business credit cards will also save you from the hassles of exchanging your dollars for local currency because you can simply use your business credit card to pay for other travel-related expenses. This saves you from disbursing the corresponding amount from your petty cash.

Your business credit card issuer will send you monthly statements of charges made to the business credit card account. You can use these statements to track your expenses and keep accurate records. The most helpful part is that you can access your account by logging on to the business credit card issuers website to view the history of transactions on your account, which you can also download into your software. This will make analysis of your costs much easier to do and will save you time in your budgeting.

These illustrations serve to show that business credit cards can help you in many areas of your business in helping you follow up on sales opportunities and also in controlling cash expenses. You should find out from your financial institutions about the business credit card programs they have for small businesses.

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Private Pension Plans

As other precious metals, gold is measured by troy weight and by grams. And when it is alloyed with supplementary metals the term carat or karat is used to specify the amount of gold present, with 24 carats being pure gold and lower ratings being proportionally less. The purity of a gold bar can also be written as a decimal figure ranging from 0 to 1, known as the millesimal fineness, such as 0.995.

Carat and gold price

Carat is a measure of the purity of gold and platinum alloys. One carat is one twenty-fourth purity by its weight. Thus 24-carat gold is pure gold (99.99%); 12-carat gold is 50% purity, et cetera. In the United States and Canada, the word karat is typically used for the measure of purity, while carat is referring to the measure of mass.

The carat system is gradually more being complemented or superseded by the millesimal fineness system where the purity of precious metals is denoted by parts per thousand of pure metal in the alloy.

The most frequent carats used for gold in bullion, jewellery making and goldsmith are:

24 carat (millesimal fineness 999), 22 carat (millesimal fineness 916), 20 carat (millesimal fineness 833), 18 carat (millesimal fineness 750), 16 carat (millesimal fineness 625), 14 carat (millesimal fineness 585), 10 carat (millesimal fineness 417) and 9 carat (millesimal fineness 375).

The open market gold price

The gold prices is determined on the open market, but a procedure recognized as the Gold Fixing in London, originating in 1919; provide a twice-daily benchmark figure to the industry.

The historically gold price

Historically gold was used to back currency in an economic system recognized as the gold standard a certain weight of gold was given the name of a unit of currency. For a long period, the United States government set the value of the US dollar so that one troy ounce was equivalent to $20.67 ($664.56/kg), but in 1934 the dollar was revalued to $35.00 per troy ounce ($1125.27/kg). And by 1961 it was becoming harder to uphold this price, and a pool of US and European banks agreed on manipulating the market to stop further currency devaluation against increased gold demand.

On 17 March 1968, economic conditions caused the collapse of the gold pool, and a two-tiered pricing scheme was established and gold was still used to settle international accounts at the old $35.00 per troy ounce ($1.13/g) but the price of gold on the private market was allowed to rise and fall; this two-tiered pricing system was discarded in 1975 when the price of gold was left to find its free-market level. Central banks still hold historical gold reserves as a store of value even though the level has generally been declining. The biggest gold depository in the world is that of the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank in New York.

Ever since 1968 the price of gold on the open market has ranged widely, with a record high $850/oz ($27,300/kg) on 21 January 1980, to a low $252.90/oz ($8,131/kg) on 21 June 1999 (London Fixing). On 26 April 2006 the London gold fixing was $635.50/oz.

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Retirement Savings Calculators

Getting Out of Debt, The Smart Credit-Card Plan, the perfect paydown strategy

Behavioral economist Meir Statman, recently said getting out of debt is the financial equivalent of trying to quit smoking.” Just like any bad habit, good intentions alone will not be enough. To ensure success, we need to break our underlying patterns of behavior. How is it we live in the richest most powerful country in the world, but the average American is more than $11,000 in debt. Our European friends who live by a mainly debit card system have an average savings of $13,000. On a recent visit to Germany, I was shocked to find that less than 35% of all the shops and restaurants accepted credit cards. What would we need to do to reverse this trend and get into a (plus) situation.

Plastic Surgery

If we are serious about paying off our balances. We dont have to literally cut up our credit cards, just stop using them routinely. We should go green for our everyday spending. Try carrying around a set amount of cash to use each week. We make better purchasing decisions when we actually have to hand over the green stuff plus theres a preset spending limit. When we run out of money, we stop spending its that simple. When the only way to purchase is plastic, buying online for instance, then use your debit card. Your debit card can also be used as an emergency substitute for cash should you run out.

Leave Those Cards At Home

The best way to ensure that you enforce the cooling off period on new credit purchases is by taking the cards out of your wallet. You should store them in a place thats not easily accessible and safe. Do not let others know where you have hidden them.

Close The Accounts No Longer Needed

Having unused credit available from lenders with whom youve had a long relationship will help boost your credit score. Having too many will harm your credit score. As a rule, 3 credit cards is what works best and try to never spend more than 50% of the available credit on any of the cards. This will keep your score at its highest. You should also consider closing all your store cards, if you need to make a purchase then use your credit card and pay it off at the end of the month.

Lowering Your Interest Rates

Start by reducing what you pay in interest. We can start by calling our current credit card companies and explaining that we intend to transfer our balance to another issuer unless our interest rate is lowered. Almost all credit card companies run promotional programs with low or 0% interest. They will be willing to put you on one of those rather than risk losing your business. All you need to do is ASK.

Tackling Those Credit Card Balances

Finally we need to develop a strategy for paying off our existing credit card balances.

Gather all your credit card statements together and make a simple table listing the entire amount you owe, and the minimum payment and interest rate for each card. This will help us determine the order in which we should pay off our cards. We need to focus on the highest interest rate cards first and pay off as much as you can each month while making only the minimum payments on our other cards. When the first card is paid off, use the same strategy on the next-highest interest rate card and so on until youre debt-free.

Late Payments

Are the number one cardinal sin of debt management. You get hit with hefty late fees and very high penalty rates that can go to 30%, plus of course your credit score will take a big hit.

We all have a responsibility to improve our financial literacy and develop the required skills and practices for effective financial management. There is a real need to get away from the “Someday things will get better in my life” or the “Someday I will be able to earn enough money to stop worrying about the bills”. There is a lot more to life than that, but it has to be said and understood that the only person that can change your life is YOU. There is NO substitute for Action! With Action, you will overcome your fears and hesitations and accomplish everything you set out to do and more.

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Retirement Consultant

Many bankruptcy filers are wondering whether they are entitled to keep one or several credit cards for emergencies backup. In general, you may not because your credit cards will be cancelled regardless, since you file the bankruptcy. The credit card issuers tend to punish their card holders for filling any kind of bankruptcy; in most cases, the credit cards of bankruptcy filers will be terminated once they file for a bankruptcy. But there are some exemptions where terms and conditions will be applied to enable the bankruptcy filers to continue holding their credit cards.

There are some exceptions applicable only to chapter 7 bankruptcy filers. Some credit cards issuers will allow you to keep your credit card but with a sized down credit limit, and in return you need to repay them for some of your debts. In fact, some companies will automatically send you or your attorney a proposed reaffirmation agreement, a contract between you and your creditor that you will pay all or a portion of the money owed, despite the bankruptcy filing, in exchange for a minimal amount of new credit.

Beside the sized down credit limit, a chapter 7 bankruptcy filers may allow to keep their credit cards by some of their card issuers but the interest rate will be revised to a higher than the normal interest rate. But, if you can always pay your credit balance in full each month, you will never incur a finance charge, and the high interest rate wont hurt you.

Other than chapter 7 bankruptcy filers, all credit cards must be given up at the filling of bankruptcy. However, there are credit card holders who have maintained their credit cards at zero balance for a long period of time do not report their credit cards during the filing. This action can be considered illegal since in effect your preference on one creditor (your credit card issuer) over other creditors, because repayment ordination is a trustee job.

If you are not eligible to file under chapter 7 or even you are filling under chapter 7 but you didnt manage to get approval from your credit card issuers to keep your credit cards, the best thing is report all your credit cards and give them up. In most cases, your need to wait until the bankruptcy filing has cleared and then work with a debt management consultant to rebuilt your credit step by step. Of course, in the months and years after the bankruptcy filling, you may not be eligible for top-tier or even middle-tier credit cards.

But with some efforts and fiscal strategy such pay your monthly credit balance in full and on schedule will help you to rebuilt your good credit record and you can begin to erase the stigma of the bankruptcy; and eventually put you back in the realm of good to high credit score.

In Summary

In most cases, bankruptcy filers need to give up their credit cards. But, there are exceptions for bankruptcy filers in chapter 7, the debtors who file their bankruptcy under chapter 7 may allow to keep their credit cards with some terms and conditions.

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Retirement Plan Calculator

When selling your home, you have to get the word out to buyers in the area. The Internet is a great method for doing that, but traditional methods are really the way to go.

Getting The Word Out About Your Open House

Part of the selling process for a home is conducting open houses. Many sellers cringe at the idea, but having an open house viewing is vital. Sooner or later, you have to let buyers actually walk though the house. Consider it a necessary evil, but it is the single best way to find a buyer. Indeed, the process is so important that many sellers now employee home staging professionals to whip their houses into shape before the showing.

Part and parcel to an open house are those signs you see all over the neighborhood each weekend. Are they tacky? Yes. Do you really need to put them up all over the neighborhood? Yes. Do they work? Yes! These signs are simply critical when it comes to getting buyers to your home.

Once you have committed to conducting an open house for potential buyers, you need to get the word out. While there are lots of interesting strategies to do this, tradition carries the day in this area. So, where do you get signage and where do you post them.

You can purchase signs at most hardware stores including Home Depot, Lowes or your favorite place to buy supplies for weekend projects. Do not buy one. You want to canvas your area with multiple signs, so plan how many you need before going to the store.

The number and placement of signs is entirely dependent on your neighborhood. Obviously, you want to place them on the corners on both ends of your street. Make sure to ask neighbors if this okay to avoid any nasty comments.

In addition to your street, you want to place signs on the corners of any major intersections around your neighborhood. If you just place signs on your street, you are limiting your exposure. You want to sell the home, which means you need to get the signs out where lots of people will see them. This means major intersections as far as five or six blocks away.

Marketing homes for sale has been revolutionized over the last few years. Planting signs around your neighborhood, however, is still the best way to get word out in your neighborhood.

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